Tooth Extraction: When and Why It Is Necessary

Tooth extraction surgery, also called exodontia, is the removal of teeth from the mouth. In other words, it is the removal of a tooth from its socket by an oral surgeon or dentist. Most extractions are performed for orthodontic reasons or because of irreparable decay or damage to a tooth. Even though you might be afraid of the pain associated with tooth extraction, remember that it's much less painful than leaving a diseased tooth in your mouth.

When Is Tooth Extraction Necessary?

A dental surgeon may recommend tooth extraction for various reasons. For instance, a tooth that's badly decayed, broken, or damaged by repeated dental procedures is usually removed to preserve the health of the remaining teeth and gums.

The procedure may also be necessary because of crowding in the mouth, whereby more than one tooth must be removed to allow space for dentures or braces. Or, it may be done to alleviate pain, as in the case of a painful wisdom tooth.

You may also consider tooth extraction in the following cases:

  • If a tooth is fractured or has developed a crack that can't be repaired with a filling.
  • If the gums have started to pull away from the teeth.
  • If you have cavities that can't be treated with fillings or capped by crowns.
  • If tooth decay, dental infections, or gum disease have caused severe bone loss in the jawbone.

What Are the Benefits of Tooth Extraction?

Tooth extraction has many benefits, including:

1. Quick Recovery Time

After tooth removal, you should experience little or no pain after an injection of local anesthesia, though some people may experience some discomfort. The tissue heals quickly, usually within one to three weeks, depending on your overall health and rate of healing.

2. Better Oral Hygiene

If your tooth is badly decayed, the bacteria that cause decay can spread into the surrounding gum tissue, causing inflammation or pus formation. Thus, it will make it more difficult to improve your oral hygiene and will cause more discomfort. Removing the tooth in this situation allows the space to be cleaned and treated so that you can maintain good oral health.

3. Improved physical appearance

Dental extractions can shape your face and jawline by reducing the number of teeth present, especially for people with malocclusion. It not only makes you appear younger but also improves your bite and facial symmetry.

Tooth extraction is the surgical removal of an ailing tooth from its socket in the jawbone. Typically, teeth are extracted when they are extremely painful, decayed, or damaged beyond repair. Extraction is also done as a part of orthodontic treatment. To learn more about tooth extraction surgery, contact a dentist near you.